Winter tends to bring with it difficult driving and riding conditions, so now is a good time to remind ourselves how to drive safely when the temperature drops below zero whilst ensuring our tyres are up to scratch. With freezing conditions expected this week, it’s time to take extra care when travelling on the roads.
Whether you’re travelling on two or four wheels, how they perform is a key function and they are your main point of contact with the surface of the road whatever type of vehicle you are in or on. Ask yourself ‘how often do you check your tyres?’ It’s advised that we should be checking our tyres regularly, a quick glance before we drive and thoroughly for pressure and tread depth every couple of weeks for any wear and tear. At this time of year, our tyres are working harder to grip that road.
IAM RoadSmart’s Head of Driving and Riding Standards, Richard Gladman, is offering advice to motorists to better cope with driving or riding on road surfaces that maybe covered in frost, ice or snow – plus you’ll find a useful checklist from TyreSafe to ensure your tyres are road safe before setting off.
Look at the weather forecasts and check warnings before you leave home. There are mobile apps available that send you alerts in your area or for the route you are planning to take. If the weather conditions are severe in your area, you should take notice of police advice and simply stay at home. However, in exceptional circumstances if you must go out then make sure you drive safely with extra caution on icy roads, whilst taking onboard the following advice.
When the temperate drops you’ll need to consider stopping distances. Increase your following distance from the car in front and approach every junction expecting to stop well before the stop or give way line (it can take up to ten times as long to stop according to Highway Code advice). Every steering, acceleration or braking input should be as smooth and gentle as possible and select 2nd gear when you pull away in icy conditions (less torque will help prevent wheel spin) an automatic may have an option for a reduced torque pull away.
Keep it clean
Salt will often make the windscreen, headlights, number plate and rear parts of your car very dirty. Cars without headlamp washers, for example, will lose an estimated 40% of luminosity and possibly all their focus in about 20 miles on a damp, gritted motorway. When travelling long distances, it is advised that you stop regularly at service stations to clean your windscreen and headlights with a clean cloth. Or keep a filled bottle of water in the car boot to give your lights, windows and mirrors a quick wash over – a handy investment is to keep your windscreen washer reservoir topped up with a good mix of screen wash, don’t wait for the car to remind you.
It’s important that you keep your car clean throughout the winter as the salt in grit can cause corrosion to any exposed parts. Ensure that you thoroughly wash the underneath of your car when you can to stop salt from settling. Don’t forget to wash/rinse alloy wheels too; the smallest scratch can quickly become a large, corroded area.
Don’t ignore it
Never ignore any warning lights. If one appears then get it checked out sooner rather than later. Being stuck on the side of the road is never good but breaking down in freezing conditions is a high-risk situation. If you’re not sure what each dashboard light means, Halfords have the full breakdown.
Always carry a winter driving kit including an ice scraper, de-icer, blanket, torch, shovel, something to eat and a fully charged mobile phone.
If you want to consider some alternative, maybe slightly greener, or resourceful. Ideas include using a potato (cut in half) to rub over the car the night before as the Glycerol acts as an anti-freeze. You could also consider covering your windscreen with a towel the night before which you should be able to lift off the next morning.
When driving on a busy road avoid overtaking a gritting lorry as the road ahead may not be treated yet, but of course stay well back from it as you don’t want to be sprayed with grit. If you have any doubt, don’t risk it. And make sure to never overtake a snow plough in heavy snow conditions.
Remember with the new Highway Code rule changes just around the corner, courtesy to other road users will become a priority. Don’t forget motorbikes and other two-wheel vehicles maybe at more risks. Again, think of our equestrian road users. Just be considerate to those around you. Road safety is about protecting you and others. You can’t control what they do but you can think and act to support all road users.
Safe and steady
While roads may be gritted to give you better traction, some areas may not be completely treated which can leave ice patches exposed, and ice may still form in shaded areas with micro climates even as the temperature rises above freezing elsewhere. You should therefore drive at a steady pace, ensuring the safety of you and your passengers. On the roads you use regularly, watch out for water running across the carriageway as this can wash away salt, next time you see it it’ll be frozen
Check the tread
Keep the tread on your tyres above 2mm (ideally 3mm), the more tread you have the more water they can cope with. Letting your tyres get down to the legal limit of 1.6mm is not recommended, and don’t forget you can always consider winter tyres if you are in an area where they will benefit you.
Richard said: “Preparation is the key to avoiding a dangerous situation whilst driving in snowy or icy conditions. Don’t rely on the performance of your car systems to get you out of trouble – allow time, make sure you have good visibility all round and carry the right equipment. MetOffice issue regular weather warnings so it’s always worth checking before you travel, and remember if the weather conditions are extreme then the best advice is not to travel.”
Checklist by TyreSafe