33% of those surveyed reported that they are most worried about driving on smart motorways. This makes smart motorways the road type motorists fear driving on the most, by some distance. This compares starkly with the 6% of drivers who are worried about driving motorways with a hard shoulder.
“One death on a smart motorway is one too many, so we welcome May’s update from National Highways on the Smart Motorway Stocktake and Action Plan, outlining their progress on delivering safer smart motorways.
We are now seeing the delivery of safety technology that was promised when the motorway designs were first proposed. Later this year, every existing smart motorway will have Stopped Vehicle Detection (SVD) technology fitted to alert drivers of incidents ahead. Combined with a 50% increase in emergency refuges by the end of 2025, increased signage and upgraded enforcement cameras, smart motorways can now be seen as a much safer way to travel.
For these systems to keep drivers moving safely, the measures must be reliable. IAM RoadSmart supported a 5-year moratorium on new smart motorway building to allow a full safety picture to be evaluated and real-world lessons to be learned. National Highways must now use this time to drive down casualty rates even further and improve the maintenance and performance of its often-ageing safety related infrastructure.
Statistics may show that smart motorways see fewer fatal crashes than conventional motorways, but far too many drivers don’t feel safe on them. It is vital that National Highways build on this report to keep the public informed and continue to raise awareness of how to drive safely on smart motorways, so drivers feel confident to use these major national routes rather than avoiding them and travelling on riskier A-roads.
Here's some advice for driving safely and legally on smart motorways:
Never drive in a lane closed by a red X
A red X sign indicates that a lane is closed to traffic. You must stay out of that lane as there may be an incident, people working ahead, or the lane needs to be clear for maintenance or emergency services.
It’s illegal to drive in a lane closed by a red X sign. If you’re caught, you could receive a fixed penalty of up to £100 and three points on your license. In some cases, more severe penalties or a court appearance could be issued.
Variable speed limits on certain sections of motorway help to steady the flow of traffic and reduce ‘stop-start’ traffic jams. These limits can be set at busy times, in conjunction with a red X sign or to manage a hazard or incident. A speed limit displayed inside a red circle is legally enforceable. If you go over the speed limit, you’re breaking the law and could receive a fine.
If no speed limits are displayed, then the national speed limit applies. When speed limits are displayed, they remain in place until you are notified that they have ended. Or a different speed limit is displayed.
Always drive to a safe speed according to the conditions and be aware of your stopping distances.
A hard shoulder is always clearly identified with a solid white unbroken line.
On some busier sections of our motorways, the hard shoulder is open to traffic temporarily. If the hard shoulder is open for use, you’ll see a speed limit displayed above it. If there’s nothing displayed above it, or a red X is displayed, then you should only use the hard shoulder in an emergency.
On sections of the motorway where the hard shoulder has been converted into a permanent extra lane, this is marked with a broken white line. In this case, emergency areas are spaced regularly. They are also clearly marked with blue signs featuring an orange SOS telephone symbol.
If possible, always try to get to an emergency area, even if the hard shoulder is not open to traffic. Emergency areas are set back from the carriageway and provide better protection than the hard shoulder.
If your vehicle has a problem on a motorway with no hard shoulder:
If you can’t get off the motorway or to an emergency area:
If your car stops unexpectedly in any lane and it is not safe to get out:
Worried about driving on the motorway for the first time? Not sure of motorway driving rules, especially on new smart motorways? Looking to overcome your motorway driving anxiety?
Motorway driving requires a unique set of skills to keep you safe. To support you, we offer an on-road motorway driving session. This provides the perfect confidence boost for new drivers or those who just find that life in the fast lane can be a little intimidating.
Find out more here.