Driverless cars could create a highway to confusion unless training and coaching catches up with the fast pace of change and helps drivers cope with a whole new set of demands.
That is the overall conclusion reached by a collection of industry experts who converged on London for the IAM RoadSmart/RAC Foundation/Pirelli ‘Driver Ahead?’ Conference last week.
More than 100 experts in the industry and beyond it talked about their findings and research for the conference, which sought to “map a safe route to the driverless car.”
During the Conference, speakers discussed how the next generation of autonomous cars will record much more information than ever before. This data can be used to resolve any post-crash insurance claims but also, critically, to inform and personalise future driver training.
Opening the conference, guest speaker Victoria Coren-Mitchell entertained delegates with a thought provoking speech. She introduced the concept of “death by code,” challenging us to decide if deaths caused by a computer are better or worse than those caused by human error. She pointed out that: “‘What would I do in a driverless car?’ The answer is ‘Scream!’ What is driving this thing?”
Simon Thompson, Human Factors Specialist at Jaguar Land Rover, said: “Without the driving, there will be the desire to do secondary tasks – but how does the car engage with the driver when it needs him or her? There is a lot more that needs to be done in designing cars so that controls are easier to find, when asking the driver to take over control again.”
Other experts added that some drivers would inevitably misuse the vehicle systems, or simply find a way round them because they find it too complicated.
Professor Nick Reed, head of mobility research at Bosch, said: “Any system needs to be aware of the effective use or misuse of it.”
Professor of Human Factors at University of Nottingham Sarah Sharples, added: “People will break unbreakable technology if they find it inconvenient. What’s more, people pranking and having fun will cause security risks.”
Professor Neville Stanton, Professor and Chair of Human Factors Engineering at Southampton University pointed out there is a danger of switching the driver from underload to overload – where he or she has had nothing to do, then has a sudden requirement to intervene in an emergency situation, and ends up panicking and creating a tragedy.
He said: “The problem with automation is that it is not currently powerful to render the driver completely redundant. It requires the driver to monitor continuously and intervene occasionally. The car needs to support, not replace the driver.”
Nic Fasci, lead engineer for vehicle engineering and homologation at Tata Motors European Technical centre, said: “The key to autonomous vehicles is training, training, training! The skill of driving must be robotic before the software can be developed. The skill of driving is being eroded and this can be seen every day.”
Neil Greig, director of policy and research at IAM RoadSmart, concluded: “Having the views of so many experts in the industry for our conference was very valuable. It showed that the driver will require a great deal of re-educating before entering the world of the autonomous vehicle.
“There is a myth that the car will do everything for the driver. It is clear the driver will always have a part to play – but is the driver ready for his new role? Clearly not. That’s the reality we have to prepare for.”
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IAM RoadSmart has a mission to make better drivers and riders in order to improve road safety, inspire confidence and make driving and riding enjoyable. It does this through a range of courses for all road users, from online assessments through to the advanced driving and riding tests. IAM RoadSmart is the trading name of all businesses operated by the UK’s largest road safety charity, the Institute of Advanced Motorists (IAM) and was formed in April 2016 combining the IAM, IAM Drive & Survive, PDS and IAM Driver Retraining Academy. The organisation has 92,000 members and campaigns on road safety on their behalf. At any one time there are over 7,000 drivers and riders actively engaged with IAM RoadSmart’s courses, from members of the public to company drivers, while our Driver Retraining Academy has helped 2,500 drivers to shorten their bans through education and support programmes.
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